The Casa Romana translated actually means very simply ‘The Roman House’. As we know from history the Romans had a huge influence on Greek architecture, and invented many of the building materials, plumbing and heating systems that are still being used today.
If you are in the Town, this beautiful, once extremely luxurious villa is well worth a visit. You will find it next to the main parking areas of the town and close to the Odeon (The Ancient Amphitheater) and The Gymnasium excavations. There is a small entrance fee to pay.
It dates back from the 2nd Century, although due to earthquakes it has actually been reconstructed over the years. A roof was added to this beautiful building in 1940, when the Italians occupied the island.
Again, you feel as if you are going back into time, trying to imagine how it once was. The are exuberant mosaics, paintings and elaborate statues that feature inside the villa. Others that were once there, are now situated in the museums of Rhodes and Kos Town.
The whole architechture and style is very decorative, rich, luxurious and very high tech, if we are talking about centuries ago! The walls are covered in marble, the lay out suggests a huge courtyard, with a open space which was designed in the centre of all Roman Villas to provide light.
The Romans were very advanced in the fact that they also introduced a heating system called the ‘Hypocast’, a type of central heating which transported the hot air from the basement fires, and flowed it through the ‘ducts’ between the bricks (and concrete), and heated the villa and the baths. It got so hot at times people had to wear sandals, instead of going bare foot!
In the garden areas you will find remains of columns and the baths that were very popular at that time. Although, these ones were much more private. Baths were used as a place to indulge in rich conversation, leisure and respectable women would never been seen at the more public ones.
Business was often conducted during communial bath time, and it was seen as a leisure activity the wealthier you were, the larger the private baths were too.
It is rumoured that The Queen of Egypt often visited Kos, and even stayed in this Villa on several occassions. Apparently, also according to history Mithridates was sent to Kos to fetch the gold that was left here by Cleopatra.
So, if it was good enough for Cleopatra, it certainly is well worth a visit if you are sight seeing, although to be honest, it doesn’t look much from the outside. Try and see if the guide is available to take you around.